# Dividing Polynomials - Definition, Synthetic Division, Long Division, and Examples

Polynomials are arithmetical expressions which includes one or several terms, each of which has a variable raised to a power. Dividing polynomials is a crucial working in algebra which involves figuring out the quotient and remainder as soon as one polynomial is divided by another. In this article, we will explore the different approaches of dividing polynomials, involving synthetic division and long division, and offer scenarios of how to utilize them.

We will also discuss the importance of dividing polynomials and its uses in multiple fields of mathematics.

## Significance of Dividing Polynomials

Dividing polynomials is an essential operation in algebra that has many applications in various fields of math, involving calculus, number theory, and abstract algebra. It is applied to work out a broad range of problems, consisting of working out the roots of polynomial equations, working out limits of functions, and solving differential equations.

In calculus, dividing polynomials is applied to figure out the derivative of a function, that is the rate of change of the function at any moment. The quotient rule of differentiation consists of dividing two polynomials, that is applied to work out the derivative of a function which is the quotient of two polynomials.

In number theory, dividing polynomials is used to learn the characteristics of prime numbers and to factorize large numbers into their prime factors. It is further utilized to study algebraic structures such as fields and rings, that are basic theories in abstract algebra.

In abstract algebra, dividing polynomials is used to specify polynomial rings, which are algebraic structures that generalize the arithmetic of polynomials. Polynomial rings are applied in various domains of math, including algebraic geometry and algebraic number theory.

## Synthetic Division

Synthetic division is a technique of dividing polynomials that is applied to divide a polynomial with a linear factor of the form (x - c), at point which c is a constant. The approach is on the basis of the fact that if f(x) is a polynomial of degree n, subsequently the division of f(x) by (x - c) gives a quotient polynomial of degree n-1 and a remainder of f(c).

The synthetic division algorithm involves writing the coefficients of the polynomial in a row, using the constant as the divisor, and carrying out a sequence of workings to figure out the remainder and quotient. The outcome is a streamlined structure of the polynomial which is easier to work with.

## Long Division

Long division is an approach of dividing polynomials that is applied to divide a polynomial by any other polynomial. The method is relying on the reality that if f(x) is a polynomial of degree n, and g(x) is a polynomial of degree m, at which point m ≤ n, subsequently the division of f(x) by g(x) gives a quotient polynomial of degree n-m and a remainder of degree m-1 or less.

The long division algorithm includes dividing the greatest degree term of the dividend by the highest degree term of the divisor, and then multiplying the outcome by the total divisor. The result is subtracted from the dividend to obtain the remainder. The procedure is recurring as far as the degree of the remainder is less compared to the degree of the divisor.

## Examples of Dividing Polynomials

Here are some examples of dividing polynomial expressions:

### Example 1: Synthetic Division

Let's assume we have to divide the polynomial f(x) = 3x^3 + 4x^2 - 5x + 2 with the linear factor (x - 1). We can use synthetic division to simplify the expression:

1 | 3 4 -5 2 | 3 7 2 |---------- 3 7 2 4

The outcome of the synthetic division is the quotient polynomial 3x^2 + 7x + 2 and the remainder 4. Thus, we can state f(x) as:

f(x) = (x - 1)(3x^2 + 7x + 2) + 4

### Example 2: Long Division

Example 2: Long Division

Let's say we have to divide the polynomial f(x) = 6x^4 - 5x^3 + 2x^2 + 9x + 3 by the polynomial g(x) = x^2 - 2x + 1. We can utilize long division to simplify the expression:

First, we divide the highest degree term of the dividend with the highest degree term of the divisor to obtain:

6x^2

Then, we multiply the whole divisor by the quotient term, 6x^2, to attain:

6x^4 - 12x^3 + 6x^2

We subtract this from the dividend to obtain the new dividend:

6x^4 - 5x^3 + 2x^2 + 9x + 3 - (6x^4 - 12x^3 + 6x^2)

that streamlines to:

7x^3 - 4x^2 + 9x + 3

We repeat the procedure, dividing the highest degree term of the new dividend, 7x^3, with the highest degree term of the divisor, x^2, to obtain:

7x

Subsequently, we multiply the whole divisor by the quotient term, 7x, to get:

7x^3 - 14x^2 + 7x

We subtract this of the new dividend to achieve the new dividend:

7x^3 - 4x^2 + 9x + 3 - (7x^3 - 14x^2 + 7x)

which simplifies to:

10x^2 + 2x + 3

We repeat the method again, dividing the highest degree term of the new dividend, 10x^2, with the highest degree term of the divisor, x^2, to obtain:

10

Next, we multiply the total divisor with the quotient term, 10, to get:

10x^2 - 20x + 10

We subtract this of the new dividend to achieve the remainder:

10x^2 + 2x + 3 - (10x^2 - 20x + 10)

that simplifies to:

13x - 10

Therefore, the result of the long division is the quotient polynomial 6x^2 - 7x + 9 and the remainder 13x - 10. We can state f(x) as:

f(x) = (x^2 - 2x + 1)(6x^2 - 7x + 9) + (13x - 10)

## Conclusion

Ultimately, dividing polynomials is a crucial operation in algebra which has several uses in multiple domains of math. Understanding the various methods of dividing polynomials, for example synthetic division and long division, can help in working out complicated challenges efficiently. Whether you're a learner struggling to understand algebra or a professional operating in a field that includes polynomial arithmetic, mastering the theories of dividing polynomials is important.

If you require help understanding dividing polynomials or anything related to algebraic concept, think about reaching out to Grade Potential Tutoring. Our adept teachers are accessible online or in-person to give customized and effective tutoring services to support you succeed. Connect with us right now to plan a tutoring session and take your mathematics skills to the next level.